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Quran Dictionary - ع ت و


The triliteral root ʿayn tā wāw (ع ت و) occurs 10 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • five times as the form I verb ʿata (عَتَ)
  • twice as the noun ʿutuww (عُتُوّ)
  • twice as the noun ʿitiyy (عِتِيّ)
  • once as the active participle ʿātiyat (عَاتِيَة)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to be insolent, to exceed, to rebell

(7:77:3) waʿatawand (were) insolent فَعَقَرُوا النَّاقَةَ وَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ
(7:166:2) ʿatawthey exceeded all bounds فَلَمَّا عَتَوْا عَنْ مَا نُهُوا عَنْهُ قُلْنَا لَهُمْ كُونُوا قِرَدَةً خَاسِئِينَ
(25:21:17) waʿatawand (become) insolent لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا
(51:44:1) faʿatawBut they rebelled فَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الصَّاعِقَةُ وَهُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ
(65:8:4) ʿatatrebelled وَكَأَيِّنْ مِنْ قَرْيَةٍ عَتَتْ عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهَا وَرُسُلِهِ


(25:21:18) ʿutuwwan(with) insolence لَقَدِ اسْتَكْبَرُوا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمْ وَعَتَوْا عُتُوًّا كَبِيرًا
(67:21:11) ʿutuwwinpride بَلْ لَجُّوا فِي عُتُوٍّ وَنُفُورٍ


(19:8:14) ʿitiyyanextreme وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ الْكِبَرِ عِتِيًّا
(19:69:10) ʿitiyyan(in) rebellion ثُمَّ لَنَنْزِعَنَّ مِنْ كُلِّ شِيعَةٍ أَيُّهُمْ أَشَدُّ عَلَى الرَّحْمَٰنِ عِتِيًّا

Active participle

(69:6:6) ʿātiyatinviolent وَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَأُهْلِكُوا بِرِيحٍ صَرْصَرٍ عَاتِيَةٍ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds