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Quran Dictionary - ع ف ف


The triliteral root ʿayn fā fā (ع ف ف) occurs four times in the Quran, in two derived forms:

  • three times as the form X verb yastaʿfif (يَسْتَعْفِفْ)
  • once as the form V verbal noun taʿaffuf (تَّعَفُّف)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form X) - to refrain, to be chaste

(4:6:23) falyastaʿfifthen he should refrain وَمَنْ كَانَ غَنِيًّا فَلْيَسْتَعْفِفْ
(24:33:1) walyastaʿfifiAnd let be chaste وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ
(24:60:18) yastaʿfif'nathey modestly refrain وَأَنْ يَسْتَعْفِفْنَ خَيْرٌ لَهُنَّ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Verbal noun (form V)

(2:273:16) l-taʿafufi(their) restraint يَحْسَبُهُمُ الْجَاهِلُ أَغْنِيَاءَ مِنَ التَّعَفُّفِ تَعْرِفُهُمْ بِسِيمَاهُمْ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds