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Quran Dictionary - ض ر ع


The triliteral root ḍād rā ʿayn (ض ر ع) occurs eight times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • once as the form I verb taḍarraʿu (تَضَرَّعُ)
  • three times as the form V verb yataḍarraʿu (يَتَضَرَّعُ)
  • once as the noun ḍarīʿ (ضَرِيع)
  • three times as the form V verbal noun taḍarruʿ (تَضَرُّع)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to humble

(6:43:5) taḍarraʿūthey humbled themselves فَلَوْلَا إِذْ جَاءَهُمْ بَأْسُنَا تَضَرَّعُوا وَلَٰكِنْ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ

Verb (form V) - to humble

(6:42:11) yataḍarraʿūnahumble themselves فَأَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَضَرَّعُونَ
(7:94:13) yaḍḍarraʿūna(become) humble إِلَّا أَخَذْنَا أَهْلَهَا بِالْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَضَّرَّعُونَ
(23:76:8) yataḍarraʿūnathey supplicate humbly وَلَقَدْ أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بِالْعَذَابِ فَمَا اسْتَكَانُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَمَا يَتَضَرَّعُونَ


(88:6:6) ḍarīʿina bitter thorny plant لَيْسَ لَهُمْ طَعَامٌ إِلَّا مِنْ ضَرِيعٍ

Verbal noun (form V)

(6:63:9) taḍarruʿanhumbly تَدْعُونَهُ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةً
(7:55:3) taḍarruʿanhumbly ادْعُوا رَبَّكُمْ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةً إِنَّهُ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
(7:205:5) taḍarruʿanhumbly وَاذْكُرْ رَبَّكَ فِي نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds