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Quran Dictionary - س ر ب


The triliteral root sīn rā bā (س ر ب) occurs four times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • twice as the noun sarāb (سَرَاب)
  • once as the noun sarab (سَرَب)
  • once as the active participle sārib (سَارِب)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.


(24:39:4) kasarābin(are) like a mirage أَعْمَالُهُمْ كَسَرَابٍ بِقِيعَةٍ يَحْسَبُهُ الظَّمْآنُ مَاءً
(78:20:4) sarābana mirage وَسُيِّرَتِ الْجِبَالُ فَكَانَتْ سَرَابًا


(18:61:11) sarabanslipping away فَلَمَّا بَلَغَا مَجْمَعَ بَيْنِهِمَا نَسِيَا حُوتَهُمَا فَاتَّخَذَ سَبِيلَهُ فِي الْبَحْرِ سَرَبًا

Active participle

(13:10:13) wasāribunor goes freely وَمَنْ هُوَ مُسْتَخْفٍ بِاللَّيْلِ وَسَارِبٌ بِالنَّهَارِ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds