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Quran Dictionary - ز ج ر


The triliteral root zāy jīm rā (ز ج ر) occurs six times in the Quran, in five derived forms:

  • once as the form VIII verb uz'dujira (ٱزْدُجِرَ)
  • twice as the noun zajrat (زَجْرَة)
  • once as the verbal noun zajr (زَجْر)
  • once as the active participle zājirāt (زَّٰجِرَٰت)
  • once as the form VIII passive participle muz'dajar (مُزْدَجَر)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form VIII) - to repell

(54:9:9) wa-uz'dujiraand he was repelled فَكَذَّبُوا عَبْدَنَا وَقَالُوا مَجْنُونٌ وَازْدُجِرَ


(37:19:3) zajratun(will be) a cry فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ زَجْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ فَإِذَا هُمْ يَنْظُرُونَ
(79:13:3) zajratun(will be) a shout فَإِنَّمَا هِيَ زَجْرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ

Verbal noun

(37:2:2) zajranstrongly فَالزَّاجِرَاتِ زَجْرًا

Active participle

(37:2:1) fal-zājirātiAnd those who drive فَالزَّاجِرَاتِ زَجْرًا

Passive participle (form VIII)

(54:4:7) muz'dajarun(is) deterrence وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُمْ مِنَ الْأَنْبَاءِ مَا فِيهِ مُزْدَجَرٌ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds