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Quran Dictionary - ر ك م


The triliteral root rā kāf mīm (ر ك م) occurs three times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • once as the form I verb yarkuma (يَرْكُمَ)
  • once as the noun rukām (رُكَام)
  • once as the passive participle markūm (مَّرْكُوم)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to heap

(8:37:11) fayarkumahuand heap them فَيَرْكُمَهُ جَمِيعًا فَيَجْعَلَهُ فِي جَهَنَّمَ


(24:43:12) rukāman(into) a mass أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يُزْجِي سَحَابًا ثُمَّ يُؤَلِّفُ بَيْنَهُ ثُمَّ يَجْعَلُهُ رُكَامًا

Passive participle

(52:44:9) markūmunheaped up وَإِنْ يَرَوْا كِسْفًا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ سَاقِطًا يَقُولُوا سَحَابٌ مَرْكُومٌ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds