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Quran Dictionary - أ س ف


The triliteral root hamza sīn fā (أ س ف) occurs five times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • once as the form IV verb āsafu (ءَاسَفُ)
  • twice as the noun asif (أَسِف)
  • twice as the noun asaf (أَسَف)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form IV) - to anger

(43:55:2) āsafūnāthey angered Us فَلَمَّا آسَفُونَا انْتَقَمْنَا مِنْهُمْ فَأَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Noun - sorrowful

(7:150:7) asifanand grieved وَلَمَّا رَجَعَ مُوسَىٰ إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ غَضْبَانَ أَسِفًا قَالَ
(20:86:6) asifan(and) sorrowful فَرَجَعَ مُوسَىٰ إِلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ غَضْبَانَ أَسِفًا

Noun - grief

(12:84:4) yāasafāAlas, my grief وَتَوَلَّىٰ عَنْهُمْ وَقَالَ يَا أَسَفَىٰ عَلَىٰ يُوسُفَ
(18:6:11) asafan(in) grief إِنْ لَمْ يُؤْمِنُوا بِهَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَسَفًا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds