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Quran Dictionary - ش ف ق


The triliteral root shīn fā qāf (ش ف ق) occurs 11 times in the Quran, in three derived forms:

  • twice as the form IV verb ashfaq (أَشْفَقْ)
  • once as the noun shafaq (شَّفَق)
  • eight times as the form IV active participle mush'fiqūn (مُشْفِقُون)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form IV) - to fear, to be afraid

(33:72:11) wa-ashfaqnaand they feared فَأَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَحْمِلْنَهَا وَأَشْفَقْنَ مِنْهَا وَحَمَلَهَا الْإِنْسَانُ
(58:13:1) a-ashfaqtumAre you afraid أَأَشْفَقْتُمْ أَنْ تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ نَجْوَاكُمْ صَدَقَاتٍ


(84:16:3) bil-shafaqiby the twilight glow فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالشَّفَقِ

Active participle (form IV)

(18:49:5) mush'fiqīnafearful وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ
(21:28:15) mush'fiqūnastand in awe وَهُمْ مِنْ خَشْيَتِهِ مُشْفِقُونَ
(21:49:8) mush'fiqūna(are) afraid الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَيْبِ وَهُمْ مِنَ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ
(23:57:7) mush'fiqūna(are) cautious إِنَّ الَّذِينَ هُمْ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ رَبِّهِمْ مُشْفِقُونَ
(42:18:9) mush'fiqūna(are) fearful وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مُشْفِقُونَ مِنْهَا وَيَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهَا الْحَقُّ
(42:22:3) mush'fiqīnafearful تَرَى الظَّالِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا كَسَبُوا وَهُوَ وَاقِعٌ بِهِمْ
(52:26:7) mush'fiqīnafearful قَالُوا إِنَّا كُنَّا قَبْلُ فِي أَهْلِنَا مُشْفِقِينَ
(70:27:6) mush'fiqūna(are) fearful وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ مِنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِمْ مُشْفِقُونَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds