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Verse (5:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(5:1:1)
yāayyuhā
O
VOC – prefixed vocative particle ya
N – nominative noun
أداة نداء
اسم مرفوع
(5:1:2)
alladhīna
you (who)
REL – masculine plural relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(5:1:3)
āmanū
believe!
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(5:1:4)
awfū
Fulfil
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form IV) imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(5:1:5)
bil-ʿuqūdi
the contracts.
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
جار ومجرور
(5:1:6)
uḥillat
Are made lawful
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form IV) passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(5:1:7)
lakum
for you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(5:1:8)
bahīmatu
the quadruped
N – nominative feminine noun
اسم مرفوع
(5:1:9)
l-anʿāmi
(of) the grazing livestock
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(5:1:10)
illā
except
EXP – exceptive particle
أداة استثناء
(5:1:11)

what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(5:1:12)
yut'lā
is recited
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive imperfect verb
فعل مضارع مبني للمجهول
(5:1:13)
ʿalaykum
on you,
P – preposition
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(5:1:14)
ghayra
not
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(5:1:15)
muḥillī
being permitted
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم مجرور
(5:1:16)
l-ṣaydi
(to) hunt
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(5:1:17)
wa-antum
while you
CIRC – prefixed circumstantial particle
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
الواو حالية
ضمير منفصل
(5:1:18)
ḥurumun
(are in) Ihram.
N – nominative masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(5:1:19)
inna
Indeed,
ACC – accusative particle
حرف نصب
(5:1:20)
l-laha
Allah
PN – accusative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة منصوب
(5:1:21)
yaḥkumu
decrees
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(5:1:22)

what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(5:1:23)
yurīdu
He wills.
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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