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Verse (54:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (54) sūrat l-qamar (The Moon)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(54:1:1)
iq'tarabati
Has come near
V – 3rd person feminine singular (form VIII) perfect verb
فعل ماض
(54:1:2)
l-sāʿatu
the Hour
N – nominative feminine noun
اسم مرفوع
(54:1:3)
wa-inshaqqa
and has split
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form VII) perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض
(54:1:4)
l-qamaru
the moon.
N – nominative masculine noun → Moon
اسم مرفوع
(54:2:1)
wa-in
And if
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
COND – conditional particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف شرط
(54:2:2)
yaraw
they see
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(54:2:3)
āyatan
a Sign,
N – accusative feminine singular indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(54:2:4)
yuʿ'riḍū
they turn away
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(54:2:5)
wayaqūlū
and say,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(54:2:6)
siḥ'run
"Magic
N – nominative masculine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(54:2:7)
mus'tamirrun
continuing."
N – nominative masculine indefinite (form X) active participle
اسم مرفوع
(54:3:1)
wakadhabū
And they denied
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form II) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(54:3:2)
wa-ittabaʿū
and followed
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VIII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(54:3:3)
ahwāahum
their desires,
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(54:3:4)
wakullu
but (for) every
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(54:3:5)
amrin
matter
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(54:3:6)
mus'taqirrun
(will be a) settlement.
N – nominative masculine indefinite (form X) active participle
اسم مرفوع
(54:4:1)
walaqad
And certainly
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
CERT – particle of certainty
الواو عاطفة
اللام لام التوكيد
حرف تحقيق
(54:4:2)
jāahum
has come to them
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل ماض و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(54:4:3)
mina
of
P – preposition
حرف جر
(54:4:4)
l-anbāi
the information
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(54:4:5)

wherein
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(54:4:6)
fīhi
wherein
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(54:4:7)
muz'dajarun
(is) deterrence,
N – nominative masculine indefinite (form VIII) passive participle
اسم مرفوع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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