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Verse (24:2) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (24) sūrat l-nūr (The Light)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(24:2:1)
al-zāniyatu
The fornicatress
N – nominative feminine active participle
اسم مرفوع
(24:2:2)
wal-zānī
and the fornicator,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine active participle
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(24:2:3)
fa-ij'lidū
[then] flog
REM – prefixed resumption particle
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(24:2:4)
kulla
each
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(24:2:5)
wāḥidin
one
ADJ – genitive masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة مجرورة
(24:2:6)
min'humā
of them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person dual object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(24:2:7)
mi-ata
(with) hundred
N – accusative feminine noun
اسم منصوب
(24:2:8)
jaldatin
lash(es).
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(24:2:9)
walā
And (let) not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PRO – prohibition particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نهي
(24:2:10)
takhudh'kum
withhold you
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(24:2:11)
bihimā
pity for them
P – prefixed preposition bi
PRON – 3rd person dual personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(24:2:12)
rafatun
pity for them
N – nominative feminine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(24:2:13)

concerning
P – preposition
حرف جر
(24:2:14)
dīni
(the) religion of Allah,
N – genitive noun
اسم مجرور
(24:2:15)
l-lahi
(the) religion of Allah,
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(24:2:16)
in
if
COND – conditional particle
حرف شرط
(24:2:17)
kuntum
you
V – 2nd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «كان»
(24:2:18)
tu'minūna
believe
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(24:2:19)
bil-lahi
in Allah
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
جار ومجرور
(24:2:20)
wal-yawmi
and the Day
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – genitive masculine noun → Last Day
الواو عاطفة
اسم مجرور
(24:2:21)
l-ākhiri
the Last.
ADJ – genitive masculine singular adjective
صفة مجرورة
(24:2:22)
walyashhad
And let witness
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
IMPV – prefixed imperative particle lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
الواو عاطفة
اللام لام الامر
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(24:2:23)
ʿadhābahumā
their punishment
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine dual possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(24:2:24)
ṭāifatun
a group
ADJ – nominative feminine singular indefinite adjective
صفة مرفوعة
(24:2:25)
mina
of
P – preposition
حرف جر
(24:2:26)
l-mu'minīna
the believers.
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم مجرور
(24:3:1)
al-zānī
The fornicator
N – nominative masculine active participle
اسم مرفوع
(24:3:2)

(will) not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(24:3:3)
yankiḥu
marry
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(24:3:4)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(24:3:5)
zāniyatan
a fornicatress,
N – accusative feminine indefinite active participle
اسم منصوب
(24:3:6)
aw
or
CONJ – coordinating conjunction
حرف عطف
(24:3:7)
mush'rikatan
a polytheist woman,
N – accusative feminine indefinite (form IV) active participle
اسم منصوب
(24:3:8)
wal-zāniyatu
and the fornicatress -
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative feminine active participle
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(24:3:9)

(will) not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(24:3:10)
yankiḥuhā
marry her
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(24:3:11)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(24:3:12)
zānin
a fornicator
N – nominative masculine indefinite active participle
اسم مرفوع
(24:3:13)
aw
or
CONJ – coordinating conjunction
حرف عطف
(24:3:14)
mush'rikun
a polytheist man.
N – nominative masculine indefinite (form IV) active participle
اسم مرفوع
(24:3:15)
waḥurrima
And is forbidden
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) passive perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(24:3:16)
dhālika
that
DEM – masculine singular demonstrative pronoun
اسم اشارة
(24:3:17)
ʿalā
to
P – preposition
حرف جر
(24:3:18)
l-mu'minīna
the believers.
N – genitive masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم مجرور
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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