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Quran Dictionary - ر ع ي


The triliteral root rā ʿayn yā (ر ع ي) occurs 10 times in the Quran, in six derived forms:

  • twice as the form I verb raʿa (رَعَ)
  • twice as the form III verb rāʿi (رَٰعِ)
  • twice as the noun marʿā (مَرْعَىٰ)
  • once as the verbal noun riʿāyat (رِعَايَت)
  • twice as the active participle rāʿūn (رَٰعُون)
  • once as the form III verbal noun riʿā (رِّعَآء)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to pasture, to observe

(20:54:2) wa-ir'ʿawand pasture كُلُوا وَارْعَوْا أَنْعَامَكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِأُولِي النُّهَىٰ
(57:27:29) raʿawhāthey observed it فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا

Verb (form III) - to observe

(2:104:6) rāʿināRaina يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَقُولُوا رَاعِنَا وَقُولُوا انْظُرْنَا وَاسْمَعُوا
(4:46:14) warāʿināand "Raina وَيَقُولُونَ سَمِعْنَا وَعَصَيْنَا وَاسْمَعْ غَيْرَ مُسْمَعٍ وَرَاعِنَا لَيًّا بِأَلْسِنَتِهِمْ


(79:31:4) wamarʿāhāand its pasture أَخْرَجَ مِنْهَا مَاءَهَا وَمَرْعَاهَا
(87:4:3) l-marʿāthe pasture وَالَّذِي أَخْرَجَ الْمَرْعَىٰ

Verbal noun

(57:27:31) riʿāyatihāobservance فَمَا رَعَوْهَا حَقَّ رِعَايَتِهَا فَآتَيْنَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْهُمْ أَجْرَهُمْ

Active participle

(23:8:5) rāʿūna(are) observers وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ
(70:32:5) rāʿūna(are) observers وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِأَمَانَاتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَاعُونَ

Verbal noun (form III)

(28:23:24) l-riʿāuthe shepherds قَالَ مَا خَطْبُكُمَا قَالَتَا لَا نَسْقِي حَتَّىٰ يُصْدِرَ الرِّعَاءُ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds