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Verse (66:10), Word 16 - Quranic Grammar


The sixteenth word of verse (66:10) is divided into 4 morphological segments. A conjunction, verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person feminine dual. The verb's triliteral root is khā wāw nūn (خ و ن). The suffix (الألف) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is third person dual.

Chapter (66) sūrat l-taḥrīm (The Prohibition)

but they both betrayed them,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
V – 3rd person feminine dual perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person dual object pronoun
الفاء عاطفة
فعل ماض والألف ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (66:10)

The analysis above refers to the tenth verse of chapter 66 (sūrat l-taḥrīm):

Sahih International: Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of Our righteous servants but betrayed them, so those prophets did not avail them from Allah at all, and it was said, "Enter the Fire with those who enter."

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds