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Quran Dictionary - ر ه ب

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The triliteral root rā hā bā (ر ه ب) occurs 12 times in the Quran, in eight derived forms:

  • three times as the form I verb yarhabu (يَرْهَبُ)
  • once as the form IV verb tur'hibu (تُرْهِبُ)
  • once as the form X verb is'tarhabu (ٱسْتَرْهَبُ)
  • once as the noun rahab (رَهَب)
  • once as the noun rahb (رَّهْب)
  • three times as the noun ruh'bān (رُهْبَٰن)
  • once as the noun rahbāniyyat (رَهْبَانِيَّة)
  • once as the noun rahbat (رَهْبَة)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to fear

(2:40:13) fa-ir'habūnifear [Me] وَأَوْفُوا بِعَهْدِي أُوفِ بِعَهْدِكُمْ وَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ
(7:154:15) yarhabūna(are) fearful وَفِي نُسْخَتِهَا هُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلَّذِينَ هُمْ لِرَبِّهِمْ يَرْهَبُونَ
(16:51:12) fa-ir'habūniyou fear [Me] إِنَّمَا هُوَ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ فَإِيَّايَ فَارْهَبُونِ

Verb (form IV) - to terrify

(8:60:10) tur'hibūna(to) terrify تُرْهِبُونَ بِهِ عَدُوَّ اللَّهِ وَعَدُوَّكُمْ وَآخَرِينَ مِنْ دُونِهِمْ

Verb (form X) - to terrify

(7:116:8) wa-is'tarhabūhumand terrified them وَاسْتَرْهَبُوهُمْ وَجَاءُوا بِسِحْرٍ عَظِيمٍ

Noun

(21:90:16) warahabanand fear إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَيَدْعُونَنَا رَغَبًا وَرَهَبًا

Noun

(28:32:14) l-rahbifear وَاضْمُمْ إِلَيْكَ جَنَاحَكَ مِنَ الرَّهْبِ

Noun

(5:82:23) waruh'bānanand monks ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّ مِنْهُمْ قِسِّيسِينَ وَرُهْبَانًا وَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ
(9:31:3) waruh'bānahumand their monks اتَّخَذُوا أَحْبَارَهُمْ وَرُهْبَانَهُمْ أَرْبَابًا مِنْ دُونِ اللَّهِ
(9:34:8) wal-ruh'bāniand the monks إِنَّ كَثِيرًا مِنَ الْأَحْبَارِ وَالرُّهْبَانِ لَيَأْكُلُونَ أَمْوَالَ النَّاسِ بِالْبَاطِلِ

Noun

(57:27:19) warahbāniyyatanBut monasticism وَجَعَلْنَا فِي قُلُوبِ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُ رَأْفَةً وَرَحْمَةً وَرَهْبَانِيَّةً ابْتَدَعُوهَا

Noun

(59:13:3) rahbatan(in) fear لَأَنْتُمْ أَشَدُّ رَهْبَةً فِي صُدُورِهِمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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