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Quran Dictionary - غ ش و

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The triliteral root ghayn shīn wāw (غ ش و) occurs 29 times in the Quran, in eight derived forms:

  • 13 times as the form I verb ghashiya (غَشِيَ)
  • three times as the form II verb ghashā (غَشَّىٰ)
  • four times as the form IV verb ugh'shiyat (أُغْشِيَتْ)
  • once as the form V verb taghashā (تَغَشَّىٰ)
  • twice as the form X verb is'taghsha (ٱسْتَغْشَ)
  • twice as the noun ghishāwat (غِشَٰوَة)
  • three times as the active participle ghāshiyat (غَٰشِيَة)
  • once as the passive participle maghshiīī (مَغْشِىّ)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to cover

(3:154:9) yaghshāovercoming ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ الْغَمِّ أَمَنَةً نُعَاسًا يَغْشَىٰ طَائِفَةً مِنْكُمْ
(14:50:4) wataghshāand will cover سَرَابِيلُهُمْ مِنْ قَطِرَانٍ وَتَغْشَىٰ وُجُوهَهُمُ النَّارُ
(20:78:4) faghashiyahumbut covered them فَأَتْبَعَهُمْ فِرْعَوْنُ بِجُنُودِهِ فَغَشِيَهُمْ مِنَ الْيَمِّ
(20:78:8) ghashiyahumcovered them مَا غَشِيَهُمْ
(24:40:6) yaghshāhucovers it أَوْ كَظُلُمَاتٍ فِي بَحْرٍ لُجِّيٍّ يَغْشَاهُ مَوْجٌ مِنْ فَوْقِهِ مَوْجٌ
(29:55:2) yaghshāhumuwill cover them يَوْمَ يَغْشَاهُمُ الْعَذَابُ مِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ وَمِنْ تَحْتِ أَرْجُلِهِمْ
(31:32:2) ghashiyahumcovers them وَإِذَا غَشِيَهُمْ مَوْجٌ كَالظُّلَلِ دَعَوُا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ
(33:19:12) yugh'shāfaints تَدُورُ أَعْيُنُهُمْ كَالَّذِي يُغْشَىٰ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ
(44:11:1) yaghshāEnveloping يَغْشَى النَّاسَ
(53:16:2) yaghshācovered إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ
(53:16:5) yaghshācovers مَا يَغْشَىٰ
(91:4:3) yaghshāhāit covers it وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَاهَا
(92:1:3) yaghshāit covers وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ

Verb (form II) - to cover

(8:11:2) yughashīkumuHe covered you إِذْ يُغَشِّيكُمُ النُّعَاسَ أَمَنَةً مِنْهُ وَيُنَزِّلُ عَلَيْكُمْ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً
(53:54:1) faghashāhāSo covered them فَغَشَّاهَا مَا غَشَّىٰ
(53:54:3) ghashācovered فَغَشَّاهَا مَا غَشَّىٰ

Verb (form IV) - to cover

(7:54:15) yugh'shīHe covers ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ يُغْشِي اللَّيْلَ النَّهَارَ يَطْلُبُهُ حَثِيثًا
(10:27:16) ugh'shiyathad been covered كَأَنَّمَا أُغْشِيَتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ قِطَعًا مِنَ اللَّيْلِ مُظْلِمًا
(13:3:16) yugh'shīHe covers وَمِنْ كُلِّ الثَّمَرَاتِ جَعَلَ فِيهَا زَوْجَيْنِ اثْنَيْنِ يُغْشِي اللَّيْلَ النَّهَارَ
(36:9:9) fa-aghshaynāhumand We covered them فَأَغْشَيْنَاهُمْ فَهُمْ لَا يُبْصِرُونَ

Verb (form V) - to cover

(7:189:13) taghashāhāhe covers her فَلَمَّا تَغَشَّاهَا حَمَلَتْ حَمْلًا خَفِيفًا فَمَرَّتْ بِهِ

Verb (form X) - to cover

(11:5:9) yastaghshūnathey cover (themselves) أَلَا حِينَ يَسْتَغْشُونَ ثِيَابَهُمْ يَعْلَمُ مَا يُسِرُّونَ
(71:7:10) wa-is'taghshawand covered themselves جَعَلُوا أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِمْ وَاسْتَغْشَوْا ثِيَابَهُمْ

Noun

(2:7:9) ghishāwatun(is) a veil خَتَمَ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِمْ وَعَلَىٰ أَبْصَارِهِمْ غِشَاوَةٌ
(45:23:17) ghishāwatana veil وَخَتَمَ عَلَىٰ سَمْعِهِ وَقَلْبِهِ وَجَعَلَ عَلَىٰ بَصَرِهِ غِشَاوَةً

Active participle

(7:41:7) ghawāshincoverings لَهُمْ مِنْ جَهَنَّمَ مِهَادٌ وَمِنْ فَوْقِهِمْ غَوَاشٍ
(12:107:4) ghāshiyatunan overwhelming أَفَأَمِنُوا أَنْ تَأْتِيَهُمْ غَاشِيَةٌ مِنْ عَذَابِ اللَّهِ
(88:1:4) l-ghāshiyati(of) the Overwhelming هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ

Passive participle

(47:20:22) l-maghshiyi(of) one fainting يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَيْكَ نَظَرَ الْمَغْشِيِّ عَلَيْهِ مِنَ الْمَوْتِ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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