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Verse (19:38), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (19:38) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and verb. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form IV imperative verb (فعل أمر) is second person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is bā ṣād rā (ب ص ر).

Chapter (19) sūrat maryam (Mary)

and how (they will) see!
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 2nd person masculine singular (form IV) imperative verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل أمر

Verse (19:38)

The analysis above refers to the 38th verse of chapter 19 (sūrat maryam):

Sahih International: How [clearly] they will hear and see the Day they come to Us, but the wrongdoers today are in clear error.

See Also

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12th June, 2013

19:38:3 is used in making verb of wonder. The verbs of wonder are made by writing مَا أَفْعَلَ followed by the accusative of the object that causes the surprise and أَفْعِلْ followed by بِ followed by the genitive. In 19:38, بِهِمْ is written with أَسْمِعْ and not required to be written again with أَبْصِرْ

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds