The first word of verse (4:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A vocative particle and noun. The noun is in the nominative case (مرفوع).
The analysis above refers to the first
verse of chapter 4 (sūrat
Sahih International: O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah , through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Indeed Allah is ever, over you, an Observer.
10th September, 2013
Ya: Nida' (call)
Ayy-u: Munadi (caller which connects the call to the called, connecting Ya to Al-Nas)
Ha: Tanbih (Attention!) in this case ATTENTION PEOPLE!
Mazhar A. Nurani
11th September, 2013
Yes, it has three segments.
يَآ :أداة نداء + أَيُّ: منادى مبنى على الضم فى محل نصب + هَا: حرف للتنبيه زائدة
The verse has two calls:
1. Ya-Ayy-u-Ha Al-Nas: which is the beginning word, and there is no Qul (Say) so this is not conveyed through the Shakhs (Person) of Muhammad peace be upon him, this is a call from an unseen caller (Hatif) for all humanity.
2. The same call, implicitly without explicit repetition, particularized call addresses the Arab of the Prophet's time by mention of Al-Arham which was the habitual invocation of the Arab of that time (not modern Arabs). Supporting Hadith for the validity of this call is included in the Tafsir.
The non-Arab reciter and grammarian of 21st century must be cognizant of these Address Modalities (Khitab) which used to be a science of Qur'an but long forgotten.
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