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Verse (9:31) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(9:31:1)
ittakhadhū
They have taken
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form VIII) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:31:2)
aḥbārahum
their rabbis
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:31:3)
waruh'bānahum
and their monks
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
الواو عاطفة
اسم منصوب و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:31:4)
arbāban
(as) Lords
N – accusative masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(9:31:5)
min
besides
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:31:6)
dūni
besides
N – genitive noun
اسم مجرور
(9:31:7)
l-lahi
Allah
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(9:31:8)
wal-masīḥa
and the Messiah,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PN – accusative proper noun → Messiah
الواو عاطفة
اسم علم منصوب
(9:31:9)
ib'na
son
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(9:31:10)
maryama
(of) Maryam.
PN – accusative feminine proper noun → Maryam
اسم علم منصوب
(9:31:11)
wamā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(9:31:12)
umirū
they were commanded
V – 3rd person masculine plural passive perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع نائب فاعل
(9:31:13)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(9:31:14)
liyaʿbudū
that they worship
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:31:15)
ilāhan
One God.
N – accusative masculine singular indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(9:31:16)
wāḥidan
One God.
ADJ – accusative masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة منصوبة
(9:31:17)

(There) is no
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(9:31:18)
ilāha
god
N – accusative masculine singular noun
اسم منصوب
(9:31:19)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(9:31:20)
huwa
Him.
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
ضمير منفصل
(9:31:21)
sub'ḥānahu
Glory be to Him
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:31:22)
ʿammā
from what
P – preposition
REL – relative pronoun
حرف جر
اسم موصول
(9:31:23)
yush'rikūna
they associate (with Him).
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:32:1)
yurīdūna
They want
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:32:2)
an
to
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(9:32:3)
yuṭ'fiū
extinguish
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:32:4)
nūra
Allah's light
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(9:32:5)
l-lahi
Allah's light
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(9:32:6)
bi-afwāhihim
with their mouths,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:32:7)
wayabā
but Allah refuses
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع منصوب
(9:32:8)
l-lahu
but Allah refuses
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(9:32:9)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(9:32:10)
an
to
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(9:32:11)
yutimma
perfect
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
فعل مضارع منصوب
(9:32:12)
nūrahu
His Light
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:32:13)
walaw
even if
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
COND – conditional particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف شرط
(9:32:14)
kariha
the disbelievers dislike (it).
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(9:32:15)
l-kāfirūna
the disbelievers dislike (it).
N – nominative masculine plural active participle
اسم مرفوع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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