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Verse (9:38) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (9) sūrat l-tawbah (The Repentance)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(9:38:1)
yāayyuhā
O you who believe!
VOC – prefixed vocative particle ya
N – nominative noun
أداة نداء
اسم مرفوع
(9:38:2)
alladhīna
O you who believe!
REL – masculine plural relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(9:38:3)
āmanū
O you who believe!
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:38:4)

What
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(9:38:5)
lakum
(is the matter) with you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(9:38:6)
idhā
when
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(9:38:7)
qīla
it is said
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(9:38:8)
lakumu
to you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(9:38:9)
infirū
go forth
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:38:10)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:38:11)
sabīli
(the) way
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(9:38:12)
l-lahi
(of) Allah,
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(9:38:13)
ithāqaltum
you cling heavily
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VI) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:38:14)
ilā
to
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:38:15)
l-arḍi
the earth?
N – genitive feminine noun → Earth
اسم مجرور
(9:38:16)
araḍītum
Are you pleased
INTG – prefixed interrogative alif
V – 2nd person masculine plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
الهمزة همزة استفهام
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:38:17)
bil-ḥayati
with the life
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine noun
جار ومجرور
(9:38:18)
l-dun'yā
(of) the world
ADJ – genitive feminine singular adjective
صفة مجرورة
(9:38:19)
mina
(rather) than
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:38:20)
l-ākhirati
the Hereafter?
N – genitive feminine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(9:38:21)
famā
But what
REM – prefixed resumption particle
REL – relative pronoun
الفاء استئنافية
اسم موصول
(9:38:22)
matāʿu
(is the) enjoyment
N – nominative masculine noun
اسم مرفوع
(9:38:23)
l-ḥayati
(of) the life
N – genitive feminine noun
اسم مجرور
(9:38:24)
l-dun'yā
(of) the world
ADJ – genitive feminine singular adjective
صفة مجرورة
(9:38:25)

in (comparison to)
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:38:26)
l-ākhirati
the hereafter
N – genitive feminine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(9:38:27)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(9:38:28)
qalīlun
a little.
N – nominative masculine singular indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
(9:39:1)
illā
If not
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(9:39:2)
tanfirū
you go forth,
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(9:39:3)
yuʿadhib'kum
He will punish you
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والكاف ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(9:39:4)
ʿadhāban
(with) a painful punishment,
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(9:39:5)
alīman
(with) a painful punishment,
ADJ – accusative masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة منصوبة
(9:39:6)
wayastabdil
and will replace you
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form X) imperfect verb, jussive mood
الواو عاطفة
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(9:39:7)
qawman
(with) a people
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(9:39:8)
ghayrakum
other than you,
N – accusative masculine noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(9:39:9)
walā
and not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PRO – prohibition particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نهي
(9:39:10)
taḍurrūhu
you can harm Him
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(9:39:11)
shayan
(in) anything.
N – accusative masculine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(9:39:12)
wal-lahu
And Allah
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
الواو عاطفة
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(9:39:13)
ʿalā
(is) on
P – preposition
حرف جر
(9:39:14)
kulli
every
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
(9:39:15)
shayin
thing
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(9:39:16)
qadīrun
All-Powerful.
N – nominative masculine indefinite noun
اسم مرفوع
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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