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Verse (4:24) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (4) sūrat l-nisāa (The Women)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(4:24:1)
wal-muḥ'ṣanātu
And (prohibited are) the ones who are married
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative feminine plural (form IV) passive participle
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(4:24:2)
mina
of
P – preposition
حرف جر
(4:24:3)
l-nisāi
the women
N – genitive feminine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(4:24:4)
illā
except
EXP – exceptive particle
أداة استثناء
(4:24:5)

whom
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(4:24:6)
malakat
you possess
V – 3rd person feminine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(4:24:7)
aymānukum
rightfully.
N – nominative masculine plural noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(4:24:8)
kitāba
Decree
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(4:24:9)
l-lahi
(of) Allah
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(4:24:10)
ʿalaykum
upon you.
P – preposition
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:11)
wa-uḥilla
And are lawful
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form IV) passive perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(4:24:12)
lakum
to you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:13)

what
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(4:24:14)
warāa
(is) beyond
LOC – accusative location adverb
ظرف مكان منصوب
(4:24:15)
dhālikum
that;
DEM – 2nd person masculine plural demonstrative pronoun
اسم اشارة
(4:24:16)
an
that
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(4:24:17)
tabtaghū
you seek
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VIII) imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(4:24:18)
bi-amwālikum
with your wealth
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine plural noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(4:24:19)
muḥ'ṣinīna
desiring to be chaste
N – accusative masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم منصوب
(4:24:20)
ghayra
not
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(4:24:21)
musāfiḥīna
(to be) lustful.
N – genitive masculine plural (form III) active participle
اسم مجرور
(4:24:22)
famā
So what
REM – prefixed resumption particle
COND – conditional noun
الفاء استئنافية
اسم شرط
(4:24:23)
is'tamtaʿtum
you benefit[ed]
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form X) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(4:24:24)
bihi
of it
P – prefixed preposition bi
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:25)
min'hunna
from them,
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:26)
faātūhunna
so you give them
RSLT – prefixed result particle
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form IV) imperative verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 3rd person feminine plural object pronoun
الفاء واقعة في جواب الشرط
فعل أمر والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل و«هن» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(4:24:27)
ujūrahunna
their bridal due
N – accusative masculine plural noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine plural possessive pronoun
اسم منصوب و«هن» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(4:24:28)
farīḍatan
(as) an obligation.
N – accusative feminine indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(4:24:29)
walā
And (there is) no
REM – prefixed resumption particle
NEG – negative particle
الواو استئنافية
نافية تعمل عمل «أن»
(4:24:30)
junāḥa
sin
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(4:24:31)
ʿalaykum
on you
P – preposition
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:32)
fīmā
concerning what
P – preposition
REL – relative pronoun
حرف جر
اسم موصول
(4:24:33)
tarāḍaytum
you mutually agree
V – 2nd person masculine plural (form VI) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض والتاء ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(4:24:34)
bihi
of it
P – prefixed preposition bi
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(4:24:35)
min
from
P – preposition
حرف جر
(4:24:36)
baʿdi
beyond
N – genitive noun
اسم مجرور
(4:24:37)
l-farīḍati
the obligation.
N – genitive feminine noun
اسم مجرور
(4:24:38)
inna
Indeed,
ACC – accusative particle
حرف نصب
(4:24:39)
l-laha
Allah
PN – accusative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة منصوب
(4:24:40)
kāna
is
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(4:24:41)
ʿalīman
All-Knowing,
N – accusative masculine singular indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(4:24:42)
ḥakīman
All-Wise.
ADJ – accusative masculine singular indefinite adjective
صفة منصوبة
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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