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Verse (30:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (30) sūrat l-rūm (The Romans)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(30:1:1)
alif-lam-meem
Alif Lam Meem.
INL – Quranic initials
حروف مقطعة
(30:2:1)
ghulibati
Have been defeated
V – 3rd person feminine singular passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(30:2:2)
l-rūmu
the Romans
PN – nominative plural proper noun → Romans
اسم علم مرفوع
(30:3:1)

In
P – preposition
حرف جر
(30:3:2)
adnā
(the) nearest
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(30:3:3)
l-arḍi
land.
N – genitive feminine noun
اسم مجرور
(30:3:4)
wahum
But they,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural personal pronoun
الواو عاطفة
ضمير منفصل
(30:3:5)
min
after
P – preposition
حرف جر
(30:3:6)
baʿdi
after
N – genitive noun
اسم مجرور
(30:3:7)
ghalabihim
their defeat,
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور و«هم» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(30:3:8)
sayaghlibūna
will overcome
FUT – prefixed future particle sa
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
حرف استقبال
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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