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Quran Dictionary - س ف ه

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The triliteral root sīn fā hā (س ف ه) occurs 11 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • once as the form I verb safiha (سَفِهَ)
  • twice as the noun safāhat (سَفَاهَة)
  • once as the noun safah (سَفَه)
  • seven times as the noun safīh (سَفِيه)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to fool

(2:130:8) safihafooled وَمَنْ يَرْغَبُ عَنْ مِلَّةِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِلَّا مَنْ سَفِهَ نَفْسَهُ

Noun

(7:66:10) safāhatinfoolishness قَالَ الْمَلَأُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ قَوْمِهِ إِنَّا لَنَرَاكَ فِي سَفَاهَةٍ
(7:67:5) safāhatunfoolishness قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ لَيْسَ بِي سَفَاهَةٌ وَلَٰكِنِّي رَسُولٌ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

Noun

(6:140:6) safahan(in) foolishness قَدْ خَسِرَ الَّذِينَ قَتَلُوا أَوْلَادَهُمْ سَفَهًا بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

Noun

(2:13:12) l-sufahāuthe fools قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ
(2:13:16) l-sufahāu(are) the fools أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَٰكِنْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
(2:142:2) l-sufahāuthe foolish ones سَيَقُولُ السُّفَهَاءُ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَا وَلَّاهُمْ عَنْ قِبْلَتِهِمُ الَّتِي كَانُوا عَلَيْهَا
(2:282:40) safīhan(of) limited understanding فَإِنْ كَانَ الَّذِي عَلَيْهِ الْحَقُّ سَفِيهًا أَوْ ضَعِيفًا أَوْ لَا يَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ يُمِلَّ هُوَ فَلْيُمْلِلْ وَلِيُّهُ بِالْعَدْلِ
(4:5:3) l-sufahāathe foolish وَلَا تُؤْتُوا السُّفَهَاءَ أَمْوَالَكُمُ الَّتِي جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ قِيَامًا
(7:155:21) l-sufahāuthe foolish أَتُهْلِكُنَا بِمَا فَعَلَ السُّفَهَاءُ مِنَّا
(72:4:4) safīhunāthe foolish among us وَأَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ سَفِيهُنَا عَلَى اللَّهِ شَطَطًا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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