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Quran Dictionary - ص و م

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The triliteral root ṣād wāw mīm (ص و م) occurs 14 times in the Quran, in five derived forms:

  • twice as the form I verb yaṣum (يَصُمْ)
  • once as the noun ṣawm (صَوْم)
  • nine times as the noun ṣiyām (صِيَام)
  • once as the active participle ṣāimāt (صَّآئِمَٰت)
  • once as the active participle ṣāimīn (صَّآئِمِين)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to fast

(2:184:27) taṣūmūfast فَمَنْ تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ وَأَنْ تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ
(2:185:17) falyaṣum'huthen he should fast in it فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ

Noun

(19:26:14) ṣawmana fast فَقُولِي إِنِّي نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ أُكَلِّمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنْسِيًّا

Noun

(2:183:6) l-ṣiyāmu[the] fasting يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ
(2:187:4) l-ṣiyāmi(of) fasting أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَىٰ نِسَائِكُمْ
(2:187:45) l-ṣiyāmathe fast ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ
(2:196:29) ṣiyāminfasting فَفِدْيَةٌ مِنْ صِيَامٍ أَوْ صَدَقَةٍ أَوْ نُسُكٍ
(2:196:48) faṣiyāmuthen a fast فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ فِي الْحَجِّ وَسَبْعَةٍ إِذَا رَجَعْتُمْ
(4:92:51) faṣiyāmuthen fasting فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ تَوْبَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ
(5:89:29) faṣiyāmu(that), then fasting فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ ذَٰلِكَ كَفَّارَةُ أَيْمَانِكُمْ
(5:95:34) ṣiyāman(in) fasting أَوْ عَدْلُ ذَٰلِكَ صِيَامًا لِيَذُوقَ وَبَالَ أَمْرِهِ
(58:4:4) faṣiyāmuthen fasting فَمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَصِيَامُ شَهْرَيْنِ مُتَتَابِعَيْنِ مِنْ قَبْلِ أَنْ يَتَمَاسَّا

Active participle

(33:35:17) wal-ṣāimātiand the women who fast وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ

Active participle

(33:35:16) wal-ṣāimīnaand the men who fast وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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