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Verse (5:89), Word 29 - Quranic Grammar


The 29th word of verse (5:89) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A result particle and noun. The result particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so" and is used to indicate the result of a condition. The noun is masculine and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is ṣād wāw mīm (ص و م).

Chapter (5) sūrat l-māidah (The Table spread with Food)

(that), then fasting
RSLT – prefixed result particle
N – nominative masculine noun
الفاء واقعة في جواب الشرط
اسم مرفوع

Verse (5:89)

The analysis above refers to the 89th verse of chapter 5 (sūrat l-māidah):

Sahih International: Allah will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your oaths, but He will impose blame upon you for [breaking] what you intended of oaths. So its expiation is the feeding of ten needy people from the average of that which you feed your [own] families or clothing them or the freeing of a slave. But whoever cannot find [or afford it] – then a fast of three days [is required]. That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn. But guard your oaths. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds