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Quran Dictionary - ض ي ق

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The triliteral root ḍād yā qāf (ض ي ق) occurs 13 times in the Quran, in five derived forms:

  • seven times as the form I verb ḍāqa (ضَاقَ)
  • once as the form II verb tuḍayyiqu (تُضَيِّقُ)
  • twice as the noun ḍayq (ضَيْق)
  • twice as the nominal ḍayyiq (ضَيِّق)
  • once as the active participle ḍāiq (ضَآئِق)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to straiten

(9:25:16) waḍāqatand (was) straitened وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ ثُمَّ وَلَّيْتُمْ مُدْبِرِينَ
(9:118:7) ḍāqat(was) straitened حَتَّىٰ إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الْأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ
(9:118:12) waḍāqatAnd (was) straitened وَضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ أَنْفُسُهُمْ
(11:77:7) waḍāqaand felt straitened وَلَمَّا جَاءَتْ رُسُلُنَا لُوطًا سِيءَ بِهِمْ وَضَاقَ بِهِمْ ذَرْعًا
(15:97:4) yaḍīqu(is) straitened وَلَقَدْ نَعْلَمُ أَنَّكَ يَضِيقُ صَدْرُكَ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ
(26:13:1) wayaḍīquAnd straitens وَيَضِيقُ صَدْرِي وَلَا يَنْطَلِقُ لِسَانِي فَأَرْسِلْ إِلَىٰ هَارُونَ
(29:33:8) waḍāqaand felt straitened وَلَمَّا أَنْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُنَا لُوطًا سِيءَ بِهِمْ وَضَاقَ بِهِمْ ذَرْعًا

Verb (form II) - to distress

(65:6:9) lituḍayyiqūto distress وَلَا تُضَارُّوهُنَّ لِتُضَيِّقُوا عَلَيْهِنَّ

Noun

(16:127:12) ḍayqindistress وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا تَكُ فِي ضَيْقٍ مِمَّا يَمْكُرُونَ
(27:70:7) ḍayqindistress وَلَا تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا تَكُنْ فِي ضَيْقٍ مِمَّا يَمْكُرُونَ

Nominal

(1) Noun

(6:125:15) ḍayyiqantight وَمَنْ يُرِدْ أَنْ يُضِلَّهُ يَجْعَلْ صَدْرَهُ ضَيِّقًا حَرَجًا

(2) Adjective

(25:13:5) ḍayyiqannarrow وَإِذَا أُلْقُوا مِنْهَا مَكَانًا ضَيِّقًا مُقَرَّنِينَ دَعَوْا هُنَالِكَ ثُبُورًا

Active participle

(11:12:7) waḍāiqunand straitened فَلَعَلَّكَ تَارِكٌ بَعْضَ مَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيْكَ وَضَائِقٌ بِهِ صَدْرُكَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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