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Quran Dictionary - ش ب ه

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The triliteral root shīn bā hā (ش ب ه) occurs 12 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • once as the form II verb shubbiha (شُبِّهَ)
  • four times as the form VI verb tashābaha (تَشَٰبَهَ)
  • six times as the form VI active participle mutashābih (مُتَشَٰبِه)
  • once as the form VIII active participle mush'tabih (مُشْتَبِه)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form II) - to make appear

(4:157:15) shubbihait was made to appear (so) وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَٰكِنْ شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ

Verb (form VI) - to look alike, to seem alike

(2:70:11) tashābahalook alike قَالُوا ادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُبَيِّنْ لَنَا مَا هِيَ إِنَّ الْبَقَرَ تَشَابَهَ عَلَيْنَا
(2:118:18) tashābahatBecame alike تَشَابَهَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ قَدْ بَيَّنَّا الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ
(3:7:21) tashābaha(is) allegorical فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ
(13:16:35) fatashābahaso that seemed alike أَمْ جَعَلُوا لِلَّهِ شُرَكَاءَ خَلَقُوا كَخَلْقِهِ فَتَشَابَهَ الْخَلْقُ عَلَيْهِمْ

Active participle (form VI)

(1) Noun

(2:25:27) mutashābihan(things) in resemblance قَالُوا هَٰذَا الَّذِي رُزِقْنَا مِنْ قَبْلُ وَأُتُوا بِهِ مُتَشَابِهًا
(6:99:32) mutashābihinresembling وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُشْتَبِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ
(6:141:14) mutashābihansimilar وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُتَشَابِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ
(6:141:16) mutashābihinsimilar وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُتَشَابِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ
(39:23:6) mutashābihan(its parts) resembling each other اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَابًا مُتَشَابِهًا

(2) Adjective

(3:7:13) mutashābihātun(are) allegorical هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ

Active participle (form VIII)

(6:99:30) mush'tabihanresembling وَالزَّيْتُونَ وَالرُّمَّانَ مُشْتَبِهًا وَغَيْرَ مُتَشَابِهٍ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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