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Verse (80:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (80:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A conjunction and verb. The prefixed conjunction wa is usually translated as "and". The form V perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is wāw lām yā (و ل ي).

Chapter (80) sūrat ʿabasa (He frowned)

and turned away,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form V) perfect verb
PRON – implicit subject pronoun → Muhammad
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض

Verse (80:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 80 (sūrat ʿabasa):

Sahih International: The Prophet frowned and turned away

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds