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Verse (12:89), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (12:89) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and proper noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The proper noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The case marker is a fatḥah instead of a kasrah because the proper noun is a diptote (ممنوع من الصرف). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

with Yusuf
P – prefixed preposition bi
PN – genitive masculine proper noun → Yusuf
جار ومجرور

Verse (12:89)

The analysis above refers to the 89th verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: He said, "Do you know what you did with Joseph and his brother when you were ignorant?"

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds