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Verse (70:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (70) sūrat l-maʿārij (The Ways of Ascent)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(70:1:1)
sa-ala
Asked
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(70:1:2)
sāilun
a questioner
N – nominative masculine indefinite active participle
اسم مرفوع
(70:1:3)
biʿadhābin
about a punishment
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور
(70:1:4)
wāqiʿin
bound to happen
ADJ – genitive masculine indefinite active participle
صفة مجرورة
(70:2:1)
lil'kāfirīna
To the disbelievers,
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine plural active participle
جار ومجرور
(70:2:2)
laysa
not
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض من اخوات «كان»
(70:2:3)
lahu
of it
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(70:2:4)
dāfiʿun
any preventer.
N – nominative masculine indefinite active participle
اسم مرفوع
(70:3:1)
mina
From
P – preposition
حرف جر
(70:3:2)
l-lahi
Allah,
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(70:3:3)
dhī
Owner
N – genitive masculine singular noun
اسم مجرور
(70:3:4)
l-maʿāriji
(of) the ways of ascent.
N – genitive masculine plural noun
اسم مجرور
(70:4:1)
taʿruju
Ascend
V – 3rd person feminine singular imperfect verb
فعل مضارع
(70:4:2)
l-malāikatu
the Angels
N – nominative masculine plural noun
اسم مرفوع
(70:4:3)
wal-rūḥu
and the Spirit
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(70:4:4)
ilayhi
to Him
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(70:4:5)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(70:4:6)
yawmin
a Day,
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
(70:4:7)
kāna
[is]
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(70:4:8)
miq'dāruhu
its measure
N – nominative masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مرفوع والهاء ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(70:4:9)
khamsīna
(is) fifty
N – accusative masculine plural noun
اسم منصوب
(70:4:10)
alfa
thousand
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(70:4:11)
sanatin
year(s).
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
اسم مجرور
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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