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Verse (55:1) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (55) sūrat l-raḥmān (The Most Gracious)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(55:1:1)
al-raḥmānu
The Most Gracious
ADJ – nominative masculine singular adjective
صفة مرفوعة
(55:2:1)
ʿallama
He taught
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) perfect verb
فعل ماض
(55:2:2)
l-qur'āna
the Quran.
PN – accusative masculine proper noun → Quran
اسم علم منصوب
(55:3:1)
khalaqa
He created
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(55:3:2)
l-insāna
[the] man.
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(55:4:1)
ʿallamahu
He taught him
V – 3rd person masculine singular (form II) perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person masculine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض والهاء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(55:4:2)
l-bayāna
[the] speech.
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(55:5:1)
al-shamsu
The sun
N – nominative feminine noun → Sun
اسم مرفوع
(55:5:2)
wal-qamaru
and the moon
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine noun → Moon
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(55:5:3)
biḥus'bānin
by (precise) calculation,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور
(55:6:1)
wal-najmu
And the stars
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine noun → Star
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(55:6:2)
wal-shajaru
and the trees
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – nominative masculine noun → Tree
الواو عاطفة
اسم مرفوع
(55:6:3)
yasjudāni
both prostrate.
V – 3rd person masculine dual imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والألف ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(55:7:1)
wal-samāa
And the heaven,
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
N – accusative feminine noun
الواو عاطفة
اسم منصوب
(55:7:2)
rafaʿahā
He raised it
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
فعل ماض و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به
(55:7:3)
wawaḍaʿa
and He has set up
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض
(55:7:4)
l-mīzāna
the balance,
N – accusative masculine noun
اسم منصوب
(55:8:1)
allā
That not
INT – particle of interpretation
PRO – prohibition particle
حرف تفسير
حرف نهي
(55:8:2)
taṭghaw
you may transgress
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع مجزوم والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(55:8:3)

in
P – preposition
حرف جر
(55:8:4)
l-mīzāni
the balance.
N – genitive masculine noun
اسم مجرور
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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