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Verse (40:78) - Word by Word

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Welcome to the Quranic Arabic Corpus, an annotated linguistic resource which shows the Arabic grammar, syntax and morphology for each word in the Holy Quran. Click on an Arabic word below to see details of the word's grammar, or to suggest a correction.

 

Chapter (40) sūrat ghāfir (The Forgiver God)

TranslationArabic wordSyntax and morphology
(40:78:1)
walaqad
And certainly
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
CERT – particle of certainty
الواو عاطفة
اللام لام التوكيد
حرف تحقيق
(40:78:2)
arsalnā
We have sent
V – 1st person plural (form IV) perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(40:78:3)
rusulan
Messengers
N – accusative masculine plural indefinite noun
اسم منصوب
(40:78:4)
min
before you.
P – preposition
حرف جر
(40:78:5)
qablika
before you.
N – genitive noun
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular possessive pronoun
اسم مجرور والكاف ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة
(40:78:6)
min'hum
Among them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:7)
man
(are) who -
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(40:78:8)
qaṣaṣnā
We have related
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(40:78:9)
ʿalayka
to you,
P – preposition
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:10)
wamin'hum
and among them
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person masculine plural object pronoun
الواو عاطفة
جار ومجرور
(40:78:11)
man
(are) who -
REL – relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(40:78:12)
lam
not
NEG – negative particle
حرف نفي
(40:78:13)
naqṣuṣ
We have related
V – 1st person plural imperfect verb, jussive mood
فعل مضارع مجزوم
(40:78:14)
ʿalayka
to you.
P – preposition
PRON – 2nd person masculine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:15)
wamā
And not
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
NEG – negative particle
الواو عاطفة
حرف نفي
(40:78:16)
kāna
is
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(40:78:17)
lirasūlin
for any Messenger
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:18)
an
that
SUB – subordinating conjunction
حرف مصدري
(40:78:19)
yatiya
he brings
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
فعل مضارع منصوب
(40:78:20)
biāyatin
a Sign
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine singular indefinite noun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:21)
illā
except
RES – restriction particle
أداة حصر
(40:78:22)
bi-idh'ni
by (the) permission
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:23)
l-lahi
(of) Allah.
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(40:78:24)
fa-idhā
So when
REM – prefixed resumption particle
T – time adverb
الفاء استئنافية
ظرف زمان
(40:78:25)
jāa
comes
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(40:78:26)
amru
(the) Command
N – nominative masculine noun
اسم مرفوع
(40:78:27)
l-lahi
(of) Allah,
PN – genitive proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مجرور
(40:78:28)
quḍiya
it will be decided
V – 3rd person masculine singular passive perfect verb
فعل ماض مبني للمجهول
(40:78:29)
bil-ḥaqi
in truth,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور
(40:78:30)
wakhasira
and will lose
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
الواو عاطفة
فعل ماض
(40:78:31)
hunālika
there
T – time adverb
ظرف زمان
(40:78:32)
l-mub'ṭilūna
the falsifiers.
N – nominative masculine plural (form IV) active participle
اسم مرفوع
(40:79:1)
al-lahu
Allah
PN – nominative proper noun → Allah
لفظ الجلالة مرفوع
(40:79:2)
alladhī
(is) the One Who
REL – masculine singular relative pronoun
اسم موصول
(40:79:3)
jaʿala
made
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
فعل ماض
(40:79:4)
lakumu
for you
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 2nd person masculine plural personal pronoun
جار ومجرور
(40:79:5)
l-anʿāma
the cattle,
N – accusative masculine plural noun
اسم منصوب
(40:79:6)
litarkabū
that you may ride
PRP – prefixed particle of purpose lām
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb, subjunctive mood
PRON – subject pronoun
اللام لام التعليل
فعل مضارع منصوب والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
(40:79:7)
min'hā
some of them
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
جار ومجرور
(40:79:8)
wamin'hā
and some of them
CONJ – prefixed conjunction wa (and)
P – preposition
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular object pronoun
الواو عاطفة
جار ومجرور
(40:79:9)
takulūna
you eat.
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل
Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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