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Quran Dictionary - غ ي ظ

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The triliteral root ghayn yā ẓā (غ ي ظ) occurs 11 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:

  • three times as the form I verb yaghīẓu (يَغِيظُ)
  • six times as the noun ghayẓ (غَيْظ)
  • once as the active participle ghāiẓūn (غَآئِظُون)
  • once as the form V verbal noun taghayyuẓ (تَغَيُّظ)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to anger, to enrage

(9:120:34) yaghīẓuthat angers وَلَا يَطَئُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَيْلًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُمْ بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ
(22:15:22) yaghīẓuenrages ثُمَّ لْيَقْطَعْ فَلْيَنْظُرْ هَلْ يُذْهِبَنَّ كَيْدُهُ مَا يَغِيظُ
(48:29:42) liyaghīẓathat He (may) enrage فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ

Noun

(3:119:19) l-ghayẓi[the] rage وَإِذَا خَلَوْا عَضُّوا عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَنَامِلَ مِنَ الْغَيْظِ
(3:119:22) bighayẓikumin your rage قُلْ مُوتُوا بِغَيْظِكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ بِذَاتِ الصُّدُورِ
(3:134:7) l-ghayẓathe anger الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ
(9:15:2) ghayẓa(the) anger وَيُذْهِبْ غَيْظَ قُلُوبِهِمْ وَيَتُوبُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مَنْ يَشَاءُ
(33:25:5) bighayẓihimin their rage وَرَدَّ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِغَيْظِهِمْ لَمْ يَنَالُوا خَيْرًا
(67:8:4) l-ghayẓirage تَكَادُ تَمَيَّزُ مِنَ الْغَيْظِ

Active participle

(26:55:3) laghāiẓūna(are) surely enraging وَإِنَّهُمْ لَنَا لَغَائِظُونَ

Verbal noun (form V)

(25:12:8) taghayyuẓanraging إِذَا رَأَتْهُمْ مِنْ مَكَانٍ بَعِيدٍ سَمِعُوا لَهَا تَغَيُّظًا وَزَفِيرًا

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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