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Quran Dictionary - غ و ي

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The triliteral root ghayn wāw yā (غ و ي) occurs 22 times in the Quran, in five derived forms:

  • three times as the form I verb ghawā (غَوَىٰ)
  • eight times as the form IV verb aghway (أَغْوَيْ)
  • once as the noun ghawiīī (غَوِىّ)
  • four times as the noun ghayy (غَيّ)
  • six times as the active participle ghāwīn (غَٰوِين)

The translations below are brief glosses intended as a guide to meaning. An Arabic word may have a range of meanings depending on context. Click on a word for more linguistic information, or to suggestion a correction.

Verb (form I) - to err, to go astray

(20:121:15) faghawāand erred وَعَصَىٰ آدَمُ رَبَّهُ فَغَوَىٰ
(28:63:12) ghawaynāwe were astray رَبَّنَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ أَغْوَيْنَا أَغْوَيْنَاهُمْ كَمَا غَوَيْنَا
(53:2:5) ghawāhas he erred مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ

Verb (form IV) - to mislead, to lead astray

(7:16:3) aghwaytanīYou have sent me astray قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
(11:34:14) yugh'wiyakumlet you go astray وَلَا يَنْفَعُكُمْ نُصْحِي إِنْ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أَنْصَحَ لَكُمْ إِنْ كَانَ اللَّهُ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُغْوِيَكُمْ
(15:39:4) aghwaytanīYou misled me قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ
(15:39:9) wala-ugh'wiyannahumand I will mislead them لَأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ
(28:63:9) aghwaynāwe led astray رَبَّنَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ أَغْوَيْنَا أَغْوَيْنَاهُمْ كَمَا غَوَيْنَا
(28:63:10) aghwaynāhumWe led them astray رَبَّنَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ الَّذِينَ أَغْوَيْنَا أَغْوَيْنَاهُمْ كَمَا غَوَيْنَا
(37:32:1) fa-aghwaynākumSo we led you astray فَأَغْوَيْنَاكُمْ إِنَّا كُنَّا غَاوِينَ
(38:82:3) la-ugh'wiyannahumI will surely mislead them قَالَ فَبِعِزَّتِكَ لَأُغْوِيَنَّهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ

Noun

(28:18:15) laghawiyyun(are) surely a deviator قَالَ لَهُ مُوسَىٰ إِنَّكَ لَغَوِيٌّ مُبِينٌ

Noun

(2:256:9) l-ghayithe wrong لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ
(7:146:27) l-ghayi(of) [the] error وَإِنْ يَرَوْا سَبِيلَ الْغَيِّ يَتَّخِذُوهُ سَبِيلًا
(7:202:4) l-ghayithe error وَإِخْوَانُهُمْ يَمُدُّونَهُمْ فِي الْغَيِّ ثُمَّ لَا يُقْصِرُونَ
(19:59:11) ghayyanevil فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيًّا

Active participle

(7:175:13) l-ghāwīnathose gone astray فَانْسَلَخَ مِنْهَا فَأَتْبَعَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَكَانَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ
(15:42:11) l-ghāwīnathe ones who go astray إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيْسَ لَكَ عَلَيْهِمْ سُلْطَانٌ إِلَّا مَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْغَاوِينَ
(26:91:3) lil'ghāwīnato the deviators وَبُرِّزَتِ الْجَحِيمُ لِلْغَاوِينَ
(26:94:4) wal-ghāwūnaand the deviators فَكُبْكِبُوا فِيهَا هُمْ وَالْغَاوُونَ
(26:224:3) l-ghāwūnathe deviators وَالشُّعَرَاءُ يَتَّبِعُهُمُ الْغَاوُونَ
(37:32:4) ghāwīnaastray فَأَغْوَيْنَاكُمْ إِنَّا كُنَّا غَاوِينَ

See Also

Language Research Group
University of Leeds
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