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Verse (86:5), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (86:5) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A conjunction, imperative particle and verb. The prefixed conjunction fa is usually translated as "and". The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "let" and is used to form an imperative construction. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine singular and is in the jussive mood (مجزوم). The verb's triliteral root is nūn ẓā rā (ن ظ ر).

Chapter (86) sūrat l-ṭāriq (The Night-Comer)

So let see
CONJ – prefixed conjunction fa (and)
IMPV – prefixed imperative particle lām
V – 3rd person masculine singular imperfect verb, jussive mood
الفاء عاطفة
اللام لام الامر
فعل مضارع مجزوم

Verse (86:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 86 (sūrat l-ṭāriq):

Sahih International: So let man observe from what he was created.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds