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Verse (84:19), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (84:19) is divided into 3 morphological segments. An emphatic prefix, verb and emphatic suffix. The prefixed particle lām is usually translated as "surely" or "indeed" and is used to add emphasis. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is second person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is rā kāf bā (ر ك ب). The suffixed emphatic particle is known as the nūn of emphasis (نون التوكيد).

Chapter (84) sūrat l-inshiqāq (The Splitting Asunder)

You will surely embark
EMPH – emphatic prefix lām
V – 2nd person masculine plural imperfect verb
EMPH – emphatic suffix nūn
اللام لام التوكيد
فعل مضارع والنون للتوكيد

Verse (84:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 84 (sūrat l-inshiqāq):

Sahih International: [That] you will surely experience state after state.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds