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Verse (53:7), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (53:7) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is hamza fā qāf (أ ف ق). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (53) sūrat l-najm (The Star)

(was) in the horizon -
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun → Horizon
جار ومجرور

Verse (53:7)

The analysis above refers to the seventh verse of chapter 53 (sūrat l-najm):

Sahih International: While he was in the higher [part of the] horizon.

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