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Verse (13:17), Word 6 - Quranic Grammar


The sixth word of verse (13:17) is an indefinite masculine plural noun and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is wāw dāl yā (و د ي).

Chapter (13) sūrat l-raʿd (The Thunder)

the valleys
N – nominative masculine plural indefinite noun اسم مرفوع

Verse (13:17)

The analysis above refers to the seventeenth verse of chapter 13 (sūrat l-raʿd):

Sahih International: He sends down from the sky, rain, and valleys flow according to their capacity, and the torrent carries a rising foam. And from that [ore] which they heat in the fire, desiring adornments and utensils, is a foam like it. Thus Allah presents [the example of] truth and falsehood. As for the foam, it vanishes, [being] cast off; but as for that which benefits the people, it remains on the earth. Thus does Allah present examples.

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

12th December, 2016

(13:17:6) فَسَالَتْ أَوْدِيَةٌ بِقَدَرِهَا. If feminine zameer هَا is pointing to أَوْدِيَةٌ then should أَوْدِيَةٌ

not be feminine?

Abdul Rahman

19th December, 2016

Although the word أَوْدِيَةٌ is morphemically feminine (feminine in form) as well as grammatically feminine (feminine by syntactic function) since it is the plural of an irrational noun and therefore treated as a singular feminine word, its singular is واد which is gender-wise masculine.

Therefore, in English, the pronoun هَا would have to be translated as "them" and not "it" or "her" if the word was truly "singular feminine". That is conceivably the reason why it is here described as N – nominative masculine plural indefinite noun.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds