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Verse (12:33), Word 7 - Quranic Grammar


The seventh word of verse (12:33) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A verb, subject pronoun and object pronoun. The imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is dāl ʿayn wāw (د ع و). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun. The attached object pronoun is first person singular.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

they invite me
V – 3rd person masculine plural imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
PRON – 1st person singular object pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل والياء ضمير متصل في محل نصب مفعول به

Verse (12:33)

The analysis above refers to the 33rd verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: He said, "My Lord, prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me. And if You do not avert from me their plan, I might incline toward them and [thus] be of the ignorant."

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

9th December, 2016

Why the masculine verb يَدْعُونَنِي used? I thought the verb should be feminine.

Abdul Rahman

19th December, 2016

The tagging is wrong. It should be tagged:

V – 3rd person feminine plural imperfect verb.

In this particular case, يدعون is the form of both the 3rd person masculine plural imperfect and the 3rd person feminine imperfect of the root dāl ʿayn wāw (د ع و).

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds