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Verse (12:11), Word 9 - Quranic Grammar


The ninth word of verse (12:11) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A circumstantial particle, accusative particle and object pronoun. The connective particle wa is usually translated as "while" and is used to indicate the circumstance of events. The accusative particle belongs to a special group of words known as inna and her sisters (ان واخواتها). The attached object pronoun is first person plural.

Chapter (12) sūrat yūsuf (Joseph)

while indeed, we
CIRC – prefixed circumstantial particle
ACC – accusative particle
PRON – 1st person plural object pronoun
الواو حالية
حرف نصب و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل نصب اسم «ان»

Verse (12:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 12 (sūrat yūsuf):

Sahih International: They said, "O our father, why do you not entrust us with Joseph while indeed, we are to him sincere counselors?

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds