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Verse (105:4), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (105:4) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The indefinite noun is feminine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ḥā jīm rā (ح ج ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (105) sūrat l-fīl (The Elephant)

with stones
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive feminine indefinite noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (105:4)

The analysis above refers to the fourth verse of chapter 105 (sūrat l-fīl):

Sahih International: Striking them with stones of hard clay,

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