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Verse (104:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (104:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is kāf lām lām (ك ل ل). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (104) sūrat l-humazah (The Slanderer)

to every
P – prefixed preposition lām
N – genitive masculine noun
جار ومجرور

Verse (104:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 104 (sūrat l-humazah):

Sahih International: Woe to every scorner and mocker

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds