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Babylon (بابل)


From the Quranic Arabic Corpus - Ontology of Quranic Concepts

Babylon (بابل) is mentioned in the Quran. An ancient city in Mesopotamia (c. 3000 BC), Babylon is widely considered to be the cradle of civilization.

A detail from the Ishtar Gate (c. 600 BC), constructed by Nebuchadnezzar II as the eighth gate to the inner city.

This concept is part of the following classification in the ontology:

Concept (root)
Geographical Location
Babylon (بابل)
Quranic Concept

Babylon is referred to in verse (2:102) of chapter (2) sūrat l-baqarah (The Cow):

Sahih International: And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, "We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic]." And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah. And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.

Visual Concept Map

The map below shows the part of the visual ontology for this concept. You can click on other concepts in the map for related information:

Geographical LocationBabylonCityBadrBakkahMakkahDesertParadiseHellHorizonHunaynIramLadhaMedinahQiblahSaqarSijjeenZaqqum

Concept map for Babylon. Related concepts are highlighted in blue.

Knowledge Base

// Predicate logic relations for the ontology concept babylon:

(instance babylon city)

See Also

  • Verse List - Show other verses related to this concept in the Quran (1 occurance)
  • Babylon - Wikipedia article
  • Quran Index - Index of Quranic concepts


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Language Research Group
University of Leeds