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Verse (99:5), Word 4 - Quranic Grammar


The fourth word of verse (99:5) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and personal pronoun. The prefixed preposition lām is usually translated as "for". The personal pronoun is third person feminine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (99) sūrat l-zalzalah (The Earthquake)

[to] it.
P – prefixed preposition lām
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular personal pronoun
جار ومجرور

Verse (99:5)

The analysis above refers to the fifth verse of chapter 99 (sūrat l-zalzalah):

Sahih International: Because your Lord has commanded it.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds