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Verse (91:11), Word 3 - Quranic Grammar


The third word of verse (91:11) is divided into 3 morphological segments. A preposition, noun and possessive pronoun. The prefixed preposition bi is usually translated as "with" or "by". The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is ṭā ghayn yā (ط غ ي). The attached possessive pronoun is third person feminine singular. Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (91) sūrat l-shams (The Sun)

by their transgression,
P – prefixed preposition bi
N – genitive masculine noun
PRON – 3rd person feminine singular possessive pronoun
جار ومجرور و«ها» ضمير متصل في محل جر بالاضافة

Verse (91:11)

The analysis above refers to the eleventh verse of chapter 91 (sūrat l-shams):

Sahih International: Thamud denied [their prophet] by reason of their transgression,

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