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Verse (89:1), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (89:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is fā jīm rā (ف ج ر). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (89) sūrat l-fajr (The Dawn)

By the dawn,
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun → Dawn
جار ومجرور

Verse (89:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 89 (sūrat l-fajr):

Sahih International: By the dawn

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