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Verse (84:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (84:1) is a feminine noun and is in the nominative case (مرفوع). The noun's triliteral root is sīn mīm wāw (س م و).

Chapter (84) sūrat l-inshiqāq (The Splitting Asunder)

the sky
N – nominative feminine noun اسم مرفوع

Verse (84:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 84 (sūrat l-inshiqāq):

Sahih International: When the sky has split [open]

See Also

2 messages

Maqbool Ahmad

27th July, 2015

(84:1:2) إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ. It start with شرط and then ism السَّمَاءُ which is called فاعل. Is it

not odd that فاعل comes before فعل. Should it not be جملة إسمية?

Abdul Rahman

30th July, 2015

You are right, the فاعل never comes before the فعل. The case here is that السَّمَاءُ is فاعل to a فعل محذوف or hidden verb, so that the sentence effectively reads as إذا انشقت السماء انشقت. This is so as to accomodate the adverbial إذا which must be followed by a verb.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds