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Verse (83:3), Word 5 - Quranic Grammar


The fifth word of verse (83:3) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The form IV imperfect verb (فعل مضارع) is third person masculine plural and is in the indicative mood (مرفوع). The verb's triliteral root is khā sīn rā (خ س ر). The suffix (الواو) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (83) sūrat l-muṭafifīn (Those Who Deal in Fraud)

they give less.
V – 3rd person masculine plural (form IV) imperfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل مضارع والواو ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل

Verse (83:3)

The analysis above refers to the third verse of chapter 83 (sūrat l-muṭafifīn):

Sahih International: But if they give by measure or by weight to them, they cause loss.

See Also

4 messages

Femmy Syahrani

4th November, 2011

Another source (website) lists this as a passive imperfect verb (IV). Which is correct? Thank you.

Mazhar A. Nurani

4th November, 2011

This too is correctly tagged here. Verb: Imperfect; Third Person; Plural; Masculine; Mood: Indicative evident by نَ [Form IV]; [و] Subject Pronoun, nominative state; مصدر-إِخْسَارٌ Verbal Noun.

فعل مضارع مرفوع بثبوت النون/و- ضمير متصل في محل رفع فاعل/جمع مذكرغائب/باب افعال

The passive verb is يُخْسَرُونَ


4th November, 2011

Femmy - Can you let us know which source (website) you are referring to. This would be very helpful.

Femmy Syahrani

4th November, 2011

Thanks for the answers! The website is http://quran.bblm.go.id

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