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Verse (72:9), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (72:9) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A verb and subject pronoun. The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is first person plural. The verb's triliteral root is kāf wāw nūn (ك و ن). The verb (كان) belongs to a special group of words known as kāna and her sisters (كان واخواتها). The suffix (نا) is an attached subject pronoun.

Chapter (72) sūrat l-jin (The Jinn)

used to
V – 1st person plural perfect verb
PRON – subject pronoun
فعل ماض و«نا» ضمير متصل في محل رفع اسم «كان»

Verse (72:9)

The analysis above refers to the ninth verse of chapter 72 (sūrat l-jin):

Sahih International: And we used to sit therein in positions for hearing, but whoever listens now will find a burning flame lying in wait for him.

See Also

5 messages


24th June, 2011


This article [http://corpus.quran.com/documentation/verbkaana.jsp] says that a kaana verb has predicate khabar kāna which " is always in the accusative case manṣūb" However in this case the khabar is not in the accusative case, in fact it's a "VS" which can't be accusative. Do I miss anything here, or something needs to be added to the kaana article?



24th June, 2011


According to the traditional analysis, the VS (verbal sentence) is in the role (position) of an accusative. So, of course a whole phrase can't be accusative, but in the grammar we say "fee mahal nasb", meaning that the phrase is the place of an accusative. I hope that helps to clarify.


24th June, 2011

Salam. I see. Is there another instance of a VS acting in the place of an accusative? I mean other than in a kaana sentence? Please pardon my ignorance. Thanks for the reply?

Mazhar A. Nurani

24th June, 2011

May be, we add there that when the predicate is a single word, it is always in accusative case.

Abdul Rahman

24th June, 2011

Two examples of Verbal Sentences in the position of an accusative (not being khabar kaan) are 72:1:2-3 and 72:2:1-3.

"uhiya ilayya" is accusative because it is a direct object of "qul" .

"yahdi ila al-rushd" is accusative because it is another adjective of "qur'aanan" in addition to "3ajaban".

There are many other examples in the Quran. Please refer to a good grammar on this topic.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds