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Verse (68:1), Word 2 - Quranic Grammar


The second word of verse (68:1) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A preposition and noun. The prefixed preposition wa is usually translated as "by" and is used to form an oath. The noun is masculine and is in the genitive case (مجرور). The noun's triliteral root is qāf lām mīm (ق ل م). Together the segments form a preposition phrase known as jār wa majrūr (جار ومجرور).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

By the pen
P – prefixed preposition wa (oath)
N – genitive masculine noun → Pen
جار ومجرور

Verse (68:1)

The analysis above refers to the first verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: Nun. By the pen and what they inscribe,

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