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Verse (68:19), Word 1 - Quranic Grammar


The first word of verse (68:19) is divided into 2 morphological segments. A particle of cause and verb. The prefixed particle fa is usually translated as "then" or "so". The particle is used to indicate cause and makes the following verb subjunctive. The perfect verb (فعل ماض) is third person masculine singular. The verb's triliteral root is ṭā wāw fā (ط و ف).

Chapter (68) sūrat l-qalam (The Pen)

So there came
CAUS – prefixed particle of cause
V – 3rd person masculine singular perfect verb
الفاء سببية
فعل ماض

Verse (68:19)

The analysis above refers to the nineteenth verse of chapter 68 (sūrat l-qalam):

Sahih International: So there came upon the garden an affliction from your Lord while they were asleep.

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Language Research Group
University of Leeds